Teacher Resources: Economic Barometer

These thirteen benchmarks are provided as an overview of the performance of the economy. Each one is accompanied by its definition and explanation of its composition and use. Click the links below the row title to see longer time series of the data, definitions, sources, and uses. Dates of key political events, major legislative, administrative, and Federal Reserve policy actions are designated on the graphs by red dots. These benchmarks, especially in combination, are intended to help teachers and students and others readily locate and observe the fundamentals of the evolving national economy. (To make these measures available in easily useful form, many other series and components of the economy and statements of analysis have been forgone.)

Quarterly Data 2017
Q2
2017
Q1
2016
Q4
2016
Q3
2016
Q2
2016
Q1
2015
Q4
2015
Q3
2015
Q2

Real GDP (2009 $) Billions

Graphs:
Quarterly 2000 - Present
Annual 1929 - 2017
$17030.00 $16872.80 $16804.10 $16702.10 $16575.10 $16525.00 $16442.30 $16394.20 $16324.30

% Change in Real GDP from preceding period

3.00% 1.40% 1.90% 2.90% 1.20% 0.80% 0.70% 1.50% 3.70%

Real GDP/Capita (2009 $)

Graphs:
Quarterly 2000 - Present
Annual 1929 - 2017
$52355.00 $51954.00 $51849.00 $51678.00 $51331.00 $51233.00 $51204.00 $51188.00 $51034.00
Monthly Data 7/2017 6/2017 5/2017 4/2017 3/2017 2/2017 1/2017 12/2016 11/2016

Seasonally Adjust Money Supply

Graphs:
Monthly 2000 - Present
3528.00 3497.60 3505.40 3428.70 3437.50 3367.90 3391.20 3328.10 3343.10

Consumer Price Index 1985=100

Graphs:
Monthly 2000 - Present
244.79 244.95 244.73 244.52 243.80 243.60 242.83 241.43 241.25

Inflation Rate

Graphs:
Monthly 2000 - Present
1.70% 1.60% 1.90% 2.20% 2.40% 2.50% 2.70% 2.10% 1.70%

Unemployment Rate

Graphs:
Monthly 2000 - Present
4.30% 4.40% 4.30% 4.40% 4.50% 4.70% 4.80% 4.70% 4.60%

Prime Interest Rate

Graphs:
Monthly 2000 - Present
4.25% 4.00% 3.75% 3.50% 3.25% 3.25% 3.25% 3.25% 3.25%

DOW Jones Industrial Monthly High

Graphs:
Monthly 2000 - Present
21891.12 21349.63 21008.65 20940.51 20663.22 20812.24 19864.09 19762.70 19123.80

Consumer Sentiment Index (1985 = 100)

Graphs:
Monthly 2000 - Present
93.40 95.10 97.10 97.00 96.90 96.30 98.50 98.20 93.80
Yearly Data 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008

U.S. Federal Debt (billions)

Graph:
Annual Data 1969 - 2016
$19500.00 $18150.62 $17824.07 $17351.90 $16400.00 $10447.00 $9018.00 $7554.00 $5802.90

U.S. Federal Deficit (billions)

Graph:
Annual Data 1969 - 2016
$587.00 $564.00 $438.00 $680.00 $1089.00 $1500.00 $1500.00 $1413.60 $454.80