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Economic Barometer

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These thirteen benchmarks are provided as an overview of the performance of the economy. Each one is accompanied by its definition and explanation of its composition and use. Click the links below the row title to see longer time series of the data, definitions, sources, and uses. Dates of key political events, major legislative, administrative, and Federal Reserve policy actions are designated on the graphs by red dots. These benchmarks, especially in combination, are intended to help teachers and students and others readily locate and observe the fundamentals of the evolving national economy.

To make these measures available in easily useful form, many other series and components of the economy and statements of analysis have been forgone.


Quarterly Data

Q1 2017 Q4 2016 Q3 2016 Q2 2016 Q1 2016 Q4 2015 Q3 2015 Q2 2015 Q1 2015
Real GDP in Billions, 2009 Dollars $16,804.10 $16,804.10 $16,702.10 $16,575.10 $16,525.00 $16,442.30 $16,394.20 $16,324.30 $16,304.80
% Change in Real GDP from Preceding Period 2.00% 1.90% 2.90% 1.20% 0.80% 0.70% 1.50% 3.70% 0.20%
Real GDP per Capital, 2009 Dollars $70.26 $58.00 $57,479.00 $56,940.00 $56,557.00 $56,178.00 $56,043.00 $55,740.00 $55,096.00

Sources:

Monthly Data

12/2016 11/2016 10/2016 9/2016 8/2016 7/2016 6/2016 5/2016 4/2016
Seasonally Adjust Money Supply 3,328.10 3,343.10 3,342.20 3,317.90 3,312.40 3,242.80 3,232.40 3,225.40 3,183.30
Consumer Price Index, 1985=100 2,241.43 241.25 241.72 241.24 240.84 240.65 241.03 240.23 239.26
Inflation Rate 2.10% 1.70% 1.60% 1.50% 1.10% 0.80% 1.00% 1.00% 1.10%
Unemployment Rate 4.70% 4.60% 4.90% 5.00% 4.90% 4.90% 4.70% 4.70% 5.00%
Prime Interest Rate 3.25% 3.25% 3.25% 3.25% 3.25% 3.25% 3.25% 3.25% 3.25%
DOW Jones Industrial Monthly High 19,762.70 19,123.80 18,142.45 18,308.35 18,432.18 17,924.24 17,754.55 17,783.78 17,661.74
Consumer Sentiment Index, 1985=100 98.20 93.80 87.20 91.20 89.80 90.00 93.50 90.70 89.00

Sources:

Yearly Data

2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008
U.S. Federal Debt, Billions $19,500.00 $18,150.62 $17,824.07 $17,351.90 $16,400.00 $10,447.00 $9,018.00 $7,554.00 $5,802.90
U.S. Federal Deficit, Billions $587.00 $564.00 $438.00 $680.00 $1,089.00 $1,500.00 $1,500.00 $1,413.60 $454.80

Sources: